This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 285492.

International Conference

An international conference was arranged jointly with the EU FP7 research projects PACT and PRISMS on the
13-14.11.2014 in Vienna. This event enabled the target groups to discuss the outcomes, results, conclusions, methods and recommendations of these projects. The conference was specifically aimed at policy-makers, members of national and the European Parliament, representatives from the industry, law enforcement end users and representatives from the Commission and national bodies responsible for shaping security technology and policy programmes.

Most of the presentations given at the conference can be found in the download section.


Joint conference of SurPRISE, PRISMS and PACT
13th-14th November 2014, Vienna

Citizens’ Perspectives on Surveillance, Security and Privacy: Controversies, Alternatives and Solutions

Why a joint conference?
Draft Programme

A joint international conference

Citizens’ Perspectives on Surveillance, Security and Privacy: Controversies, Alternatives and Solutions.

This two-day conference is jointly organised by the EU FP7 research projects SurPRISE, PRISMS and PACT. The three projects aim at integrating the citizens’ perspective into the investigation of controversial topics such as surveillance, security and privacy. Hence, this joint conference will offer a unique occasion to both present and discuss the results of the projects, but also to integrate them into a wider spectrum of social, academic and political debates. It will involve speakers from different scientific disciplines – social sciences, law, computer sciences, etc. – as well as practitioners – policy makers, NGOs, law enforcement officers, etc.


Recent revelations of mass surveillance programmes clearly demonstrate the ever-increasing capabilities of surveillance technologies. The lack of serious reactions to these activities shows that the political will to implement them appears to be an unbroken trend. The resulting move into a surveillance society is, however, contested for many reasons. Are the resulting infringements of privacy and other human rights compatible with democratic societies? Is security necessarily depending on surveillance? Are there alternative ways to frame security? Do surveillance technologies address the most pressing security needs, and if yes, are they the most efficient means to do so? Is it possible to gain in security by giving up civil liberties, or is it even necessary to do so? Do citizens adopt this trade-off and, if yes, are they willing to enter into this trade?

Three FP7 Security Research projects have addressed these and related questions, putting the perspective of European citizens in the very centre of the research focus. Major aims are to better understand the relation between surveillance, security and privacy, to inform policymaking and to support decision making with the gained insights. The revelation of practically unlimited surveillance activities of the NSA by Snowden, the rejection of the Data Retention Directive by the European Court of Justice or the recently adopted Opinion on Ethics of Security and Surveillance Technologies by the European Group on Ethics (EGE) are unambiguous signals that such decisions are urgently needed.



Day 1: Thursday, 13th November 2014, 11:00 – 18:00

The first day is devoted to the presentation and discussion of the projects’ results from the policy implications perspective.

Welcome note
Michael Nentwich, Director of the Institute of Technology Assessment (ITA/OEAW), Austria

Opening speech: Citizens’ perspectives on surveillance, security and privacy: an EU research outlook
Walter Peissl, Deputy Director of the Institute of Technology Assessment (ITA/OEAW), Austria

Recommendations of the EGE on the ethics of surveillance and security technologies
Julian Kinderlerer, European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies (EGE), Belgium

12:00 – 12:45
Beyond privacy: mass surveillance, national security and the war on terror
Ben Hayes, Statewatch, United Kingdom

12:45 – 14:00
Lunch buffet at the Aula

14:00 – 15:00
Key findings of the three projects SurPRISE, PRISMS and PACT
Chair: Nina Tranø, One Voice AS, Norway
PACT: J. Peter Burgess, Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Norway
PRISMS: Michael Friedewald, Fraunhofer ISI, Germany
SurPRISE: Johann ČAS, Institute of Technology Assessment (ITA/OEAW), Austria

15:00 – 15:30
Coffee and Tea Break

15:30 – 17:00
Roundtable: The challenges of integrating citizens’ perspectives into security policies
Chair: J. Peter Burgess, Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Norway
Participants: Bruno Baeriswyl, Data Protection Commissioner in the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland;
Andreas Krisch, President of European Digital Rights (EDRi), Belgium; Gideon Skinner, Ipsos Mori, UK;
Vida Beresneviciute, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), Austria; Wainer Lusoli, European Commission – DG Research and Innovation, Belgium

17:00 – 17:45
Voicing and addressing European complaints
Peter Hustinx, European Data Protection Supervisor, Belgium

17:45 – 18:00
Concluding remarks
Michael Friedewald, Fraunhofer ISI, Germany

18:00 – 20:00 


Day 2: Friday, 14th November 2014, 09:00 – 17:30

The second day is mostly dedicated to scientific presentations, with contributions coming from the organising projects and the respondents to the open call for papers.

09:00-10:30 Session 1
Understanding differences in citizens’ perspectives
Moderator: Shara Monteleone (University of Groningen, Netherlands)                                                                      

Jelena Budak & Rajh Edo (Institute of Economics, Croatia):
Citizens’ privacy concerns – does national culture matter?

María Del Carmen Hidalgo, Fernando Casado & Antonio Maña (University of Malaga, Spain): Citizens’ perceptions on surveillance, security and privacy: A psychosocial perspective

Michael Friedewald (Fraunhofer ISI, Germany) & Marc van Lieshout (TNO, Netherlands) (PRISMS): Citizens’ attitudes and preferences regarding privacy and security

Session 2
Processes and alternatives: how do decision support systems matter?
Moderator: Dermot Ahern (Former Minister of Justice and Home Affairs, Ireland)

Jacob Skjødt Nielsen
(Danish Board of Technology – DBT, Denmark) & Marta Szenay  (Medián, Hungary) (SurPRISE): Involving Citizens in security policy making

Bernadette Somody (Eötvös Károly Policy Institute, Hungary), Máté Dániel Szabó (University of Miskolc, Hungary) & Iván Székely (Eötvös Károly Policy Institute, Hungary): Moving away from the security-privacy trade-off: the use of the test of proportionality in decision support

Dimitris Kyriazanos, Olga Segou, Anastassios Bravakis & Stelios C. A. Thomopoulos (National Centre for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, Greece) (PACT): The PACT Decision Support tool for Privacy, Ethics and Social Impact Assessment of Surveillance Technology Investments

10:30-11.00 Coffee and Tea Break 
11.00-12.30 Session 3
Interpreting citizens’ perspectives
Moderator: Rocco Bellanova (Peace Research Institute
Oslo – PRIO, Norway)

Sunil Patil (RAND, UK) (PACT): Privacy, security and surveillance preferences of European citizens – overview of PACT’s empirical findings

Evelien De Pauw & Hans Vermeersch (Vives, Belgium): Framing effects on the acceptance of surveillance-oriented security technologies

Sara Degli Esposti (Open University – OU, UK), Vincenzo Pavone & Elvira Santiago-Gómez (Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas – CSIC, Spain) (SurPRISE): Aligning security and privacy: en route toward acceptable surveillance

Session 4
Integrating citizens’ perspectives in decision making
Moderator: László Majtényi (Eötvös Károly Institute, Hungary)

Gemma Galdon Clavell & Philippe Mamadou Frowd (Eticas Research & Consulting, Spain): Assessing security technologies: a methodology for societal impacts on diverse stakeholders

Jaime Martin Perez (ATOS, Spain) (PACT): Overview of the PACT Privacy Reference Framework for Security Technology (PRFST)

Matthias Leese & Peter Bescherer (University of Tuebingen, Germany): Between participation and securitization? A bottom-up perspective on urban security

12:30-13:30 Lunch 
13:30-15:00 Session 5
Framing privacy and security: the rise of new controversies?
Moderator: Jaro Krieger-Lamina (Institute of Technology Assessment – ITA/OEAW, Austria) (SurPRISE) 

Georg Markus Kainz & Christian Jeitler (quintessenz, Austria): The dangers of boundless surveillance in a democratic society

Lilian Mitrou, Prokopios Drogkaris & George Leventakis (Center for Security Studies – KEMEA, Greece): Legal and social aspects of surveillance technologies: CCTV in Greece

Florian Idelberger (European University Institute, Italy): Privacy and security through technical solutions and their regulation – Will the law of the future be written in code?

Session 6
Legal aspects of privacy and security
Moderator: Florian Trauner (University of Vienna, Austria)

Gloria González Fuster (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium) (PRISMS): Judging public perceptions of privacy: Should law actually care about what people think?

Dara Hallinan (Fraunhofer ISI, Germany): Can dynamic groups be protected under the data protection regulation?

Maria Grazia Porcedda (European University Institute, Italy) (SurPRISE): Citizens’ recommendations on law and privacy at the SurPRISE summits: a litmus test for current policy initiatives?

15.00-15.30 Coffee and Tea Break 
15.30-17.00 Session 7
Security technologies under scrutiny
Moderator: Jean-Marc Suchier (Morpho, France)

Jenneke Christiaens & Francesca Menichelli (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium) (PRISMS): Beyond the trade off between privacy and security? Organisational routines and individual strategies at the security check

Luisa Marin (University of Twente, Netherlands): The deployment of drones technology in border surveillance and the challenges to privacy

Dimitris Tsapogas (University of Vienna, Austria): Digital citizenship after Snowden: self-regulation and the need for critical education strategies

Session 8
In search of alternative policy solutions
Moderator: Sarah Spiekermann (Vienna University of Economics and Business – WU Wien, Austria)

Georgios Kolliarikis (University of Frankfurt, Germany): The discreet charm of impact assessments: Contesting the evidence base for security research policy

Stefan Strauss (Institute of Technology Assessment – ITA/OEAW, Austria) (SurPRISE): Privacy vs. security – a given trade-off?

Jana Weitkamp (Fraunhofer ISI, Germany) (PRISMS): The role of media in framing security and privacy

17.00-17.15 Concluding remarks
Johann Čas, Institute of Technology Assessment (ITA/OEAW), Austria 
 17.15 Farewell drinks 


Conference committee

SurPRISE: Johann Čas, Walter Peissl ( Institute of Technology Assessment, Austrian Academy of Sciences – ITA /OEAW, Austria)
PRISMS: Michael Friedewald, Jana Weitkamp, Kerstin Goos (Fraunhofer Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung – ISI, Germany)
PACT: Vicky Ackx, Peter J. Burgess, Rocco Bellanova, Elida Jacobsen (Peace Research Institute Oslo – PRIO, Norway)


The conference has been held at the central building of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna’s city centre.
The address is: Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz , 1010 Vienna.